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World Wildlife Fund (WWF);
Among the six-infrastructure themes that this assessment focused on, roads seem to have the highest amount of impact on the snow leopard habitat. Experts' ranking ranged from 61% for road to 12.4% for settlement. Impact due to high density road infrastructure on snow leopard habitat ranges from 5,725km2 to 17,775km2. Prediction maps show an area (greater than 90 percentile) measuring between 525km2 and 625km2 as high impact zone in snow leopard habitat, affected by infrastructural development. The study concluded that the current cumulative effect of infrastructural development on snow leopard habitat is low. However, future impact scenario shows an increase of 50% impact area, most of which within or traversing through the core snow leopard habitats. Therefore, it is likely that snow leopard habitats would be subjected to a high degree of fragmentation, deterioration and human disturbances in the future.
Nepal has a good track record of improving menstrual hygiene management (MHM) facilities, increasing access to affordable and hygienic sanitary materials, delivering creative awareness campaigns and policy advocacy, and developing the capacity of local stakeholders to promote MHM. Nevertheless, Operations and maintenance (O&M) of water, sanitation and hygiene in schools (WinS) remains challenging.
MHM and WinS approaches in project schools are being used by Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) to help develop a programmatic approach that works at scale. The Government is finalising a Dignified Menstruation Policy. An MHM Practitioners' Alliance provides cross-sector coordination. Improving the curriculum and teacher capacity, as well as further learning and engagement opportunities for older generations of women, is needed.
This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, selected for review under the resilience thematic area. This report documents the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation carried out in January 2016 that sought to assess the impact of the activities of the 'Joint Programme on Disaster Risk Management and Humanitarian Preparedness'.
The project under review was implemented between April 2011 and March 2016 in four districts in the Terai region of southern Nepal - Dhanusha, Rautahat, Salarhi, and Saptari. The project was carried out by Oxfam in partnership with several organisations, including the Koshi Victims Society (KVS), the Social Development Research Centre (SDRC), Bagmati Welfare Society Nepal (BWSN), Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS), and Rural Development Centre (RDC). The project had three broad objectives, which were developed during its planning phase: (1) to strengthen and institutionalise Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR), (2) to enhance the capacity of local institutions to prepare for and respond to humanitarian emergencies, (3) to create an enabling environment for people to demand their 'rights in crisis'.
World Bank Group;
With 2.1 billion people – mostly in rural areas – lacking safely managed drinking water and reported low rural water supply functionality rates, the Sustainable Development Goals pose a triple challenge: to reach unserved mostly rural population groups, to raise service levels, and to sustain existing and future services. This assessment uses a multi-country case study approach to identify good practices and challenges toward building sector capacity and strengthening sustainable service delivery models for rural areas. Recognizing the limitations of the Demand Responsive Approach, the emergence of various management models, the identified need for ongoing support to rural service providers, and the critical role of enabling institutions and policies beyond the community-level, the added value of this assessment lies in: i) the development of a comprehensive analytical framework that can be used to analyze and operationalize a more sustainable service delivery approach for rural water supply; ii) the rich set of cases and good practices from the 16 countries informing the global body of "knowledge in implementation," and iii) the formulation of recommendations and policy directions to improve the sustainability of services depending on sector development stage. Policy recommendations are centered around five areas: institutional capacity, financing, asset management, water resources management, and monitoring and regulatory oversight.
Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council;
In 2016, WSSCC's Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) recruited an independent team of experts to undertake an in-depth two-part diagnosis of GSF's approach to equality and non-discrimination (EQND). The first part of the diagnosis – an assessment comprising of visits to six countries (Ethiopia, Malawi, Nepal, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo) and a review of documentation across all GSF-supported programmes – was completed in 2017, resulting in this study. While confirming that many people who may be considered disadvantaged have benefitted positively from GSF-supported programmes, the study emphasizes that more proactive attention is needed to ensure no one is left behind. Several recommendations are offered to better integrate EQND throughout the components and stages of all GSF-supported programmes.
The objectives of this report include:* To review and map out the policies, strategies, and programs related to MHM and explore the contexts that supportor inhibit adolescent girls' access to MHM and wider Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH) information and services;
* To highlight key policy and program influencers and implementers;
*To chart the existing advocacy initiatives, relevant working groups and coalitions, and community and youth groups;
* To identify gaps, challenges, and opportunities in policy and programming;
* To expand the knowledge base and understanding of the issue, key players, and interventions on MHM in Nepal tobuild potential partnerships;
* To recommend future strategies for more comprehensive knowledge about MHM;
* To stress the critical linkages among family planning, SRH, and MHM; and
* To highlight relevant scholarship in the field of MHM
This evaluation report is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, selected for review under the humanitarian response thematic area using the application of Oxfam's Humanitarian Indicator Toolkit (HIT). The report presents the findings from the evaluation carried out from November 2015-February 2016 of Oxfam's humanitarian response to the Nepal 2015 earthquake.
On the 25th April a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck, creating large-scale damage and many casualties. The epicentre was in the district of Gorkha with other districts and the Kathmandu valley also being affected. Oxfam launched a response almost immediately and an international team was mobilised to support local capacity. Oxfam responded with water, sanitation and hygiene promotion as well as cash grants, and livelihoods support. As there was widespread destruction of homes, shelter kits were considered to be an essential part of the programme. A hotline for receiving complaints and feedback from the affected population was set up and some changes were made according to the feedback received. Gender and protection issues were considered early on in the response with dedicated staff to support. The Humanitarian Indicator Tool (HIT) is a methodology designed to estimate the degree to which the programme meets 15 recognised quality standards via a desk review.
Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.
'My Rights, My Voice' (MRMV) is a multi-country programme implemented by Oxfam GB, Oxfam Novib, Oxfam Québec and their partners with the aim of engaging marginalized children and youth in their rights to health and education services. The programme has been implemented in eight countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania and Vietnam.
This evaluation aimed to systematically analyse the actual outcomes of the programme and its underlying working mechanisms against the proposed outcomes and MRMV's theory of change.
Oxfam's management response to the evaluation report is included as a separate document.
The earthquake and aftershock which struck Nepal in 2015 affected more than 8 million people and severely damaged infrastructure including schools, health centres and homes. Existing gender inequalities in Nepal meant that single women were particularly affected in the aftermath, receiving inadequate assistance and being least able to be heard.
This briefing argues that the recovery effort is an opportunity to create much needed improved conditions for single women in Nepal. It provides practical suggestions for better disaster preparedness and enabling single women to be more resilient.
Give2Asia, a US-based social enterprise, announces today the release of a report on disaster recovery work in Nepal to mark the first anniversary of the 7.8-magnitude earthquake that hit near Kathmandu on April 25, 2015. Within hours of the quake, Give2Asia responded with a program with its network of local Nepali nonprofits to support immediate and long-term needs. The earthquake killed more than 8,800 people and left 3.5 million people homeless. On May 12, just as the shock of that event was wearing off and people began to rebuild, a 7.3-magnitude aftershock hit, killing an additional 153 people. Give2Asia partnered with corporate, foundation and individual donors. Facebook made a commitment of $2 million to support locally-based organizations in long-term recovery with assistance from Give2Asia. Johnson & Johnson and EMC, among others, raised substantial amounts with employee giving campaigns. To date, Give2Asia and its donor partners have 1) provided both temporary and permanent shelter, 2) health services and health education. In addition, projects have provided foundational elements of the rebuild like electrical grid access in remote areas and radio transmissions, which serve as most people's primary source of information. Give2Asia anticipates continuing to support recovery work through 2016 and into 2017.
Save the Children;
On April 25, 2015 a magnitude-7.9 earthquake hit Nepal affecting millions of families and injuring more than 22,000 people, including children. Whenever a disaster strikes children are the most vulnerable and this disaster was no different. Thousands of schools and health facilities had to be rebuilt. Following the earthquake, children were left scared and without the proper healthcare and resources to help them. Because of the support from partners and donors, Save the Children was well prepared to respond. Our teams were able to reach more than 580,000 people, including 352,000 children, with vital aid. But the work is not yet over. A year after the earthquake more than 600,000 families still remain without a proper home. Many children still haven't returned to school and young mothers are still seeking proper healthcare. To learn more about Save the Children's Nepal Earthquake response read our One Year Anniversary Report:
As recovery in Nepal begins after the 7.6 magnitude earthquake that struck in April 2015, there is an opportunity to ensure that reconstruction and resettlement policies and programmes are inclusive of women and those who are landless - some of the poorest and most marginalized people in the country. This will help address historic social inequalities and rebuild a stronger, more equal Nepal. This briefing paper reviews the current situation and presents recommendations to help achieve this.